Discover the Magnificent Seven: A Guide To Texas Cattle Breeds
The great state of Texas, known for its beautiful prairies and agricultural background, has an impressive variety of cattle breeds that have become a huge part of our culture. After all, who doesn't expect to see cows in Texas?
Personally, I had no clue that Texas had so many different breeds. Not only are there rugged Longhorns that capture that Wild West spirit but also gentle Herefords and several breeds in between. According to the Texas Capital website, our state is home to seven types of cattle. Each breed has its own unique characteristics and qualities. Some have the ability to adapt to certain climatic conditions while others provide superior meat.
Let's take a look at the seven breeds of cattle you'll see in Texas.
DISCOVER THE MAGNIFICENT SEVEN: A GUIDE TO TEXAS CATTLE BREEDS
The Black Angus cow in Texas traces back to the mid-1800s when the breed first arrived on American soil from Scotland. They're popular with ranchers because of their exceptional ability to adapt to the Texas climate and terrain. Known for their black color and solid build, Black Angus cows are a superior choice in meat quality. They're still a main part of the Texas cattle industry.
Beefmaster cattle have quite the history in Texas. They were developed in the mid-20th century by Tom Lasater, a rancher from South Texas. Beefmasters are actually the result of crossbreeding Herefords, Shorthorns, and Brahman cattle. This breed remains popular for its outstanding yield of beef and ability to thrive in Texas' challenging climate.
The history of Brahman cattle in Texas had to do with challenges adapting to the state's rugged climate. Ranchers needed a breed that could overcome the scorching heat, humidity, and disease known throughout the region. Brahman cattle, coming from India, revolutionized the industry. They're also easy to spot with their distinctive humps and loose skin. Brahman cattle produce lean and flavorful meat.
Charolais cattle, originally from France, made their way to Texas in the mid-20th century. They have excellent meat quality and easily adapt to the Texas environment. They're massive in size and have a muscular build. Today, they continue to thrive.
If I were to hang out with cows, Herefords would be my choice because they're just chill, minding their own business. They're common cows with their distinctive red-and-white coats. Herefords have played a significant role in Texas's cattle industry for well over a century. Coming from Herefordshire, England, these cattle were first introduced to Texas in the late 1800s. Their exceptional meat quality further contributes to this breed's legendary status in the industry.
Not to be forgotten. Longhorn cattle, with their curved horns, have played a major role in the history of Texas. In the 19th century, they became a symbol of the Wild West and the spirit of Texas. Their ability to endure long cattle drives made them extremely valuable to the early settlers and cowboys. Even today, the Longhorns hold a special place in Texas heritage.
The Santa Gertrudis breed of cattle also has a special place in Texas history. Originating in the early 20th century on the King Ranch, this breed is a cross between Shorthorn and Brahman cattle. The King Ranch wanted a breed that could thrive in the harsh Texas climate while producing high-quality meat. They get their name after the Santa Gertrudis Creek that runs through the ranch. These cattle are popular for their adaptability and excellent beef quality.
Of course, with cattle comes ranches. Texas has some of the best and most beautiful. There's a gorgeous one up for sale right now and we've got pictures. Just look below.
40 Photos Of The 5th Largest Ranch In Texas For Sale
Gallery Credit: King Land & Water